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雙語——在線課(Online Classes)

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* 用英語自身來理解和學習英語是最好的方式,這一系列的文章力求幫助大傢在英語閱讀能力上有所提升,並樹立英語思維;* 推薦的閱讀的方法是:先原文,適當看解析閱讀,實在不行再看雙語對照。* 解析中英語單詞的音標使用Dictcom和IPA雙音標標註,如果需要瞭解Dictcom音標,請參看我們的《dictionary.com所用的音標體系》一文。Online Classes【譯】在線課程【專有名詞】Online ['on-'lahyn, 'awn-][n'lan] adj. 聯機的;在線的 adv. 在線地註:在線課也稱作online courseBarbara dropped out of college 17 years ago when she had her first daughter.【譯】芭芭拉17年前有瞭第一個女兒就輟學瞭。【單詞】dropped 原型:drop 動詞過去式 [drop][drp] vt. 落下;跌倒;下降;放棄;漏掉;斷絕關系 | n. 滴;微量;減少;滴狀物【單詞】college 名詞 ['kol-ij]['kld] n. 學院;大學;學校;樞機主教團;社團【單詞】ago 副詞 [uh-'goh]['ɡ] adv. 以前【單詞】daughter 名詞 ['daw-ter]['dt] n. 女兒;子代 adj. 女兒的;女兒似的【專有名詞】Barbara n. 芭芭拉(女子名)She always regretted dropping out.【譯】她總是後悔輟學。【單詞】regretted 原型:regret 動詞過去式 [ri-'gret][r'ɡret] v. 後悔;惋惜;為 …… 感到遺憾 n. 遺憾;抱歉;後悔【單詞】dropping 原型:drop 動名詞 [drop][drp] vt. 落下;跌倒;下降;放棄;漏掉;斷絕關系 | n. 滴;微量;減少;滴狀物She had been a good student, and enjoyed going to classes in college.【譯】她是個好學生,喜歡在大學裡上課。【單詞】student 名詞 ['stood-nt, 'styood-]['stjudnt] n. 學生;學者【單詞】enjoyed 原型:enjoy 動詞過去式 [en-'joi][n'd] v. 享受;喜歡However, when she had her daughter, she didn't have time to continue with her studies.【譯】然而,當她有瞭女兒,她沒有時間繼續她的學習。【單詞】continue 動詞原形 [kuhn-'tin-yoo][kn'tnju] v. 繼續;連續;維持;持續She needed to find a full-time job.【譯】她需要找一份全職工作。【單詞】full-time 形容詞 adj. 全部時間的;專任的Barbara also regretted dropping out of college because it was hard to find a good job without a college degree.【譯】芭芭拉也後悔輟學,因為沒有大學學位很難找到一份好工作。【單詞】degree 名詞 [dih-'gree][d'ɡri] n. 學位;程度;度數While Barbara was lucky enough to always find work, some of the jobs she had didn't pay well.【譯】雖然芭芭拉很幸運總能找到工作,但她的一些工作報酬並不高。【語法】while一般用於引導狀語從句,表達的意思有 a. 表示時間,“當……時;在……同時”;b. 表示讓步,“雖然,盡管”;c. 表示轉折對比,“然而,但”。while引導的狀語從句通常用一般現在時表示將來的動作或狀態。;例句:I get the house all shipshape while he is away. 他不在的時候,我把房子打掃得幹幹凈凈,整整齊齊。【詞法】some of (事物中的)一些【單詞】lucky 形容詞 ['luhk-ee]['lki] adj. 幸運的;帶來好運的Most of them didn't offer benefits like vacation pay and health insurance.【譯】他們中的大多數人沒有提供諸如假期工資和健康保險之類的福利。【短語】most of …… 大部分,大多數的;絕大多數;例句:I think most of these obstacles can be surmounted. 我認為這些障礙大多數都是可以克服的。【單詞】offer 動詞原形 ['aw-fer, 'of-er]['f] vt. 提供;提出;(賣方)出價;貢獻 vi. 提議;出現;求婚 n. 提議;出價【單詞】benefits 原型:benefit 名詞復數形式 ['ben-uh-fit]['benft] n. 利益;津貼;義演;保險金;借助 vt. 有益於;得益 benefited / benefitted benefited / benefitted benefiting /【單詞】vacation 名詞 [vey-'key-shuhn, vuh-][v'ken] n. 假期;休假;騰出 vi. 度假【單詞】insurance 名詞 [in-'shoor-uhns, -'shur-][n'rns] n. 保險;保險費;安全保障Barbara was sure that if she had a college degree, finding a better-paying job with benefits would be easier.【譯】芭芭拉確信,如果她有大學學位,找一份薪水更高、有福利的工作會更容易。【單詞】easier 原型:easy 形容詞比較級 ['ee-zee]['izi] adj. 容易的;輕松的;不費力的;舒適的;安逸的;輕微的;隨和的;無約束的Barbara's daughter was now a teenager.【譯】芭芭拉的女兒現在還是個十幾歲的孩子。【單詞】teenager 名詞 ['teen-ey-jer]['tined] n. 青少年;13歲到19歲的年輕人She was beginning to look at colleges.【譯】她開始關註大學。【單詞】beginning 原型:begin 動詞進行式 [bih-'gin][b'ɡn] v. 開始;著手【單詞】colleges 原型:college 名詞復數形式 ['kol-ij]['kld] n. 學院;大學;學校;樞機主教團;社團This inspired Barbara to go back to school herself.【譯】這激勵芭芭拉自己回到學校。【單詞】inspired 原型:inspire 動詞過去式 [in-'spahyuhr][n'spa] vt. 鼓舞;激發;產生;賦予……靈感 vi. 吸入【單詞】herself 代詞 [her-'self][h'self] pron. 她自己;她親自Barbara wanted to finally get her bachelor's degree.【譯】芭芭拉想最終獲得學士學位。【單詞】finally 副詞 ['fahyn-l-ee]['fanli] adv. 最後;決定性地;最終【單詞】bachelor 名詞 ['bach-uh-ler, 'bach-ler]['btl] n. 單身漢;學士Since her daughter was in high school, Barbara had more time.【譯】自從女兒上高中以來,芭芭拉有瞭更多的時間。【單詞】high 形容詞 [hahy][ha] adj. 高的;高尚的;高級的;高度的;全盛的 adv. 高;奢侈地;音調高 n. 高水平;高氣壓;(麻醉品帶來的)快感She didn't have to constantly watch over her daughter.【譯】她不必經常照看女兒。【短語】take over 表示“接管;接收”。如:I intend you to take over. 我打算讓你來接管。【單詞】constantly 副詞 ['kon-stuhnt]['knstntli] adv. 不斷地;經常地【單詞】watch 動詞一般現在時(除第三人稱單數) [woch][wt] v. 註視;看守;觀看 n. 手表;監視;看守;值班However, even as a teenager, Barbara's daughter still needed to eat and needed clothes, so going to college on a regular schedule was not an option for Barbara.【譯】然而,即使是十幾歲的時候,芭芭拉的女兒仍然需要吃飯和穿衣服,所以按常規的時間表上大學對芭芭拉來說不是一個選擇。【單詞】eat 動詞原形 [eet][it] v. 吃;吃飯;喝【單詞】clothes 名詞復數形式 [klohz, klohthz][klz] n. 服裝;衣服【單詞】regular 形容詞 ['reg-yuh-ler]['reɡjl] adj. 有規律的;定期的;經常的;正規的;整齊的;規則的【單詞】schedule 名詞 ['skej-ool, -ool, -oo-uhl; British 'shed-yool, 'shej-ool]['edjul] n. 時間表,日程;一覽表;計劃 v. 預定;安排;編制目錄【單詞】option 名詞 ['op-shuhn]['pn] n. 選擇權;可選物 v. 得到或獲準進行選擇Barbara went to the local community college to learn about her options.【譯】芭芭拉去當地的社區學院學習她的選擇。【單詞】learn 動詞原形 [lurn][ln] v. 學會;學習;得知 learnable learner learned / learnt learned /【單詞】options 原型:option 名詞復數形式 ['op-shuhn]['pn] n. 選擇權;可選物 v. 得到或獲準進行選擇A college counselor told her that she could take online classes to finish her degree.【譯】一位大學輔導員告訴她,她可以通過網絡課程來完成學業。【單詞】counselor 名詞 ['koun-suh-ler]['kansl] n. 顧問;參事;法律顧問 =counsellor.【單詞】online 形容詞 ['on-'lahyn, 'awn-][n'lan] adj. 聯機的;在線的 adv. 在線地【單詞】finish 動詞原形 ['fin-ish]['fn] v. 完成;結束;最後加工;用完 n. 結束;完成;最後一層塗飾Barbara was worried that these classes wouldn't give the same credit as a traditional college class would.【譯】芭芭拉擔心這些課程不會像傳統的大學課程那樣獲得同樣的學分。【單詞】worried 原型:worry 動詞過去分詞 ['wur-ee, 'wuhr-ee]['wri] vt. 撕咬;使煩惱;使焦慮 vi. 擔心;發愁 n. 擔心;煩惱;憂慮【單詞】credit 名詞 ['kred-it]['kredt] n. 信用;榮譽;學分;贊揚;貸款;賒欠;貸方;存款 (復)credits: 演職員名單. v. 歸功於;相信;記入貸方【單詞】traditional 形容詞 [truh-'dish-uh-nl][tr'dnl] adj. 傳統的The counselor told her the credits were the same, and online classes were good for non-traditional students like her.【譯】輔導員告訴她,學分是一樣的,網絡課程對像她這樣的非傳統學生很好。【單詞】credits 原型:credit 名詞復數形式 ['kred-it]['kredt] n. 信用;榮譽;學分;贊揚;貸款;賒欠;貸方;存款 (復)credits: 演職員名單. v. 歸功於;相信;記入貸方【單詞】non-traditional 形容詞 non-traditional adj. 非傳統的;例句Patience is a sine qua non for a good teacher. 做個優秀教師必不可少的條件是要有耐心。 This traditional costume is of indigo blue. 這件傳統服裝是靛藍色的。【單詞】students 原型:student 名詞復數形式 ['stood-nt, 'styood-]['stjudnt] n. 學生;學者Barbara enrolled and became a student again.【譯】芭芭拉報名,又成瞭學生。【單詞】enrolled 原型:enrol 動詞過去式 [en-'rohl][n'rl] vt. 登記;入會;卷

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